Wednesday, September 26, 2018     
     About GEF Nepal


1. General Introduction

The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established in 1991 to forge international co-operation and finance actions to address critical threats to the global environment. The global environmental focal areas of the GEF are biodiversity, climate change, international waters, ozone depletion (only countries in transitions), and other cross- cutting issues like land degradation areas. The business and working mandate of GEF is guided by the (a) Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); ( b) Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); and (c) Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Convention. Apart from these, the GEF collaborates closely with other treaties and agreements to reach common goals (International waters, CCD, Montreal Protocol).

2. Aid Mechanism

The GEF is not a project financier, but a project co-financier by bringing together multiple sources of funding for projects that complement national programs and policies. Member Governments are 182 countries in number. The GEF projects are approved by GEF council. Its implementing agencies include 10 agencies: UNDP, UNEP, World Bank FAO, UNIDO, IFAD, ADB, African Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and Inter -American Development Bank. Projects can also be executed by Government Agencies, Regional Development Banks, UN specialized agencies, NGOs, Bilateral Dev. Co-op agencies, others from the private sector/ institutes.

The GEF is today the largest funder of projects to improve global environment. It has allocated $ 9.5 billion, supplemented by more than $ 42 billion in co financing for more than 2700 projects in more than 165 developing countries and countries with economies in transition. Through its Small Grants Program (SGP), the GEF has also made more than 12,000 small grants directly to nongovernmental and community organizations, totalling $495 million.

System for Transparent Allocation of Resources (STAR) has been the basis for resources allocation for the fifth replenishment period of the GEF. STAR was developed on the basis of the Resource Allocation Framework which is based on Global Environment Benefits (GEBs), and Country Level Performance (CLP) of all eligible counties.


3. Nepal-GEF Relations/Membership

Nepal deposited its notification of participation in GEF on 1994 Oct 08. Each GEF member country has designated government officials responsible for GEF activities. These officials, known as GEF "focal points," play a key role in ensuring that GEF projects are country-driven and based on national priorities. Nepal has been nominating finance secretary as Political focal Point and Joint secretary, International Economic Cooperation Coordination Division as Operational Focal Points. Political focal points are responsible for GEF governance issues and policies and communications with their constituencies. All member countries have political focal points. Operational focal points are responsible for in-country program coordination of GEF projects and other operational activities. Only countries eligible for GEF funding are expected to designate operational focal points.

4. GEF Constituencies, Council Members & Alternates

Constituency Council Member Alternate
Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka Mr. Mukesh Nandan PRASAD
Executive Director for Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Sri Lanka
The World Bank
1818 H Street, NW MSN MC 12-1205
Washington, DC - 20433
Tel: + 1 202 458-1046/47
Fax: + 1 202 522-1553
Date of Appointment: Nov, 2011
Dr. Mohammad TAREQUE
Alternate Executive Director for Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Sri Lanka
The World Bank
1818 H Street, NW MSN MC12-1205
Washington, DC - 20433
Tel: + 1 202 458-1054

5. Nepal Focal Point

Political Focal Point Operational Focal Point
Dr. Shanta Raj Subedi
Finance Secretary
Ministry of Finance
Singhadurbar, Kathmandu
Tel: + 977(1) 4211332
Mr. Baikuntha Aryal
Joint Secretary
Interntional Economic Cooperation Coordination Division(IECCD)
Ministry of Finance
Singhadurbar, Kathmandu
Tel:+ 977(1) 4211371
Fax: + 977(1) 4211156